A mother posing with her card
|Observed by||40+ countries|
|Significance||Honors mothers and motherhood|
|Related to||Children’s Day, Siblings Day, Father’s Day, Parents’ Day|
Mother’s Day is a celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world, most commonly in the months of March or May. It complements similar celebrations honoring family members, such as Father’s Day and Siblings Day.
In the United States, celebration of Mother’s Day began in the early 20th century. It is not related to the many celebrations of mothers and motherhood that have occurred throughout the world over thousands of years, such as the Greek cult to Cybele, the Roman festival of Hilaria, or the Christian Mothering Sunday celebration (originally a commemoration of Mother Church, not motherhood). In some countries, Mother’s Day has become synonymous with these older traditions.
Establishment of holiday
The modern holiday of Mother’s Day was first celebrated in 1908, when Anna Jarvis held a memorial for her mother at St Andrew’s Methodist Church in Grafton, West Virginia. Today St Andrew’s Methodist Church now holds the International Mother’s Day Shrine. Her campaign to make “Mother’s Day” a recognized holiday in the United States began in 1905, the year her mother, Ann Reeves Jarvis, died. Ann Jarvis had been a peace activist who cared for wounded soldiers on both sides of the American Civil War, and created Mother’s Day Work Clubs to address public health issues. Anna Jarvis wanted to honor her mother by continuing the work she started and to set aside a day to honor all mothers, because she believed that they were “the person who has done more for you than anyone in the world”.
In 1908, the US Congress rejected a proposal to make Mother’s Day an official holiday, joking that they would have to proclaim also a “Mother-in-law’s Day”. However, owing to the efforts of Anna Jarvis, by 1911 all US states observed[clarification needed] the holiday, with some of them officially recognizing Mother’s Day as a local holiday, the first being West Virginia, Jarvis’ home state, in 1910. In 1914, Woodrow Wilson signed a proclamation designating Mother’s Day, held on the second Sunday in May, as a national holiday to honor mothers.
Although Jarvis was successful in founding Mother’s Day, she became resentful of the commercialization of the holiday. By the early 1920s, Hallmark Cards and other companies had started selling Mother’s Day cards. Jarvis believed that the companies had misinterpreted and exploited the idea of Mother’s Day, and that the emphasis of the holiday was on sentiment, not profit. As a result, she organized boycotts of Mother’s Day, and threatened to issue lawsuits against the companies involved. Jarvis argued that people should appreciate and honor their mothers through handwritten letters expressing their love and gratitude, instead of buying gifts and pre-made cards. Jarvis protested at a candy makers’ convention in Philadelphia in 1923, and at a meeting of American War Mothers in 1925. By this time, carnations had become associated with Mother’s Day, and the selling of carnations by the American War Mothers to raise money angered Jarvis, who was arrested for disturbing the peace.
Jarvis’ holiday was adopted by other countries, and it is now celebrated all over the world.[original research?]
In 1912 Anna Jarvis trademarked the phrases “second Sunday in May” and “Mother’s Day”, and created the Mother’s Day International Association. She specifically noted that “Mother’s” should “be a singular possessive, for each family to honor its own mother, not a plural possessive commemorating all mothers in the world.” This is also the spelling used by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in his 1914 presidential proclamation, by the U.S. Congress in relevant bills, and by various U.S. presidents in their proclamations concerning Mother’s Day.
Dates around the world
While the United States holiday was adopted by some other countries, existing celebrations, held on different dates, honouring motherhood have become described as “Mother’s Day”, such as Mothering Sunday in the United Kingdom or, in Greece, the Eastern Orthodox celebration of the presentation of Jesus Christ to the temple (2 February of Julian Calendar). Both the secular and religious Mother Day are present in Greece. Mothering Sunday is often referred to as “Mother’s Day” even though it is an unrelated celebration.
In some countries, the date adopted is one significant to the majority religion, such as Virgin Mary Day in Catholic countries. Other countries selected a date with historical significance. For example, Bolivia’s Mother’s Day is the date of a battle in which women participated. See the “International history and tradition” section for the complete list.
Ex-communist countries usually celebrated the socialist International Women’s Day instead of the more capitalist Mother’s Day.[not in citation given] Some ex-communist countries, such as Russia, still follow this custom or simply celebrate both holidays, which is the custom in Ukraine. Kyrgyzstan has recently introduced Mother’s Day, but International Women’s Day remains a more widely popular holiday.
UT-Arlington’s Siemens says professors will track student engagement, students will take ‘learner profiles’ with them
We know about the clicker – a handheld device that lets professors pose a question and learn almost instantly how many students understand the material.
Education researcher and MOOC pioneer George Siemens knows what comes after the clicker.
He’s predicting a data-rich environment where students wear new devices – or simply the Fitbits and Apple Watches they already own – conveying information about whether they’re engaged, anxious or bored. Professors will use eye-tracking technology to know whether they’re looking at the screen up front or the smartphone in their laps.
Siemens, here Wednesday for the Schmidt Family Annual Educational Technologies Lectureship, is executive director of the Learning Innovation and Networked Knowledge Research Lab at the University of Texas, Arlington, but his grad students work in schools across the U.S.
With today’s technology, why shouldn’t they? Siemens contends.
“We have to do away with the idea of geographically combined research labs,” he told his audience at Vanderbilt University School of Engineering. “You’ll find this hard to believe, but not everybody wants to come to Texas.”
In a lecture titled The Future of Learning: Digital, Data-Driven, and Distributed that was by turns humorous and visionary, Siemens outlined a new kind of higher education where the 18-to-22-year-old student attending a university for four years is virtually nonexistent. Even now, only 50 percent of university students attend school full-time, and the average age for new students is rising.
“More students with more varied backgrounds are entering,” Siemens said. “At the same time, there is a massive reduction in state support of public education across the board, from 62 percent of costs in 2005 to 51 percent in 2014.
“If you don’t have an education, the doors of opportunity are getting smaller and smaller.”
Future students will travel in and out of educational systems their entire lives, reinventing themselves as the career market or their changing interests prompt them, he predicts.
A “learner profile” or “personal learning graph” will follow them throughout their working years, keeping track of knowledge and skills acquired both in classrooms and on the job. When they return to universities for more classes, admissions employees will personalize a course of study that gets them where they want to go quickly instead of issuing standardized schedules.
And students will learn in a combination of massive open online courses (MOOCs) and in person, depending on what they want and need.
He called for more use of big data and neuroscience to adapt curriculum to the way people learn, while warning that one size will never fit all when it comes to education, and not everything with the title “neuroscience” or “brain-based” slapped on it is meaningful.
“Have you heard that phrase ‘brain-based learning?’” he said. “You all are engaged in butt-based sitting right now.”
The lectureship’s focus is to explore advances in digital learning and how those apply in practice. Doug Schmidt, associate chair for computer science and professor of electrical engineering and computer science, and his parents, retired Navy Capt. Raymond P. Schmidt and Roberta R. Schmidt, created the lectureship.
Heidi Hall, (615) 322-6614
the sky cries hard
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we find Qingwei Yao stir strong fire on her stove
a guy from Lafayette, IN speaks,
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folks hearing him may disagree,
despite that the sky continues pouring her sober tears
the road is wet,
my car wheels roll with sad splashes
life becomes sane
some notice the orange cue from the vanishing sun ray
wild geese waddle in silence,
Qing Wu, Jenny Wu, Patrick Flynn, Flavio Rocha, and Yi liu clutch their fists
rain, rain, rain,
it sheds thousands of years of sorrow
yaya’s cafe takes visitors from Penn Yan village
new york city glances
the wall street journey halts
one from Harvard Square
one from Beverly Hill
one from Big Apple
Alissa Owen and Scott Pippen settle Teresa Yvan down,
Arzelar Leming and Makerzie Wise complete with Amelia Wood,
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one speaks German
one speaks Italian
one speaks English
When Emma Watson decides to form friendship with Bristol Palin,
Amelia, Baples, and Teresa explore mountain Neil
Three bunny rabbits, none agress to quit one’s free will
Deqin or Bersin
when brad henry stands next to Cale Curtin,
angel Masinergh shepherd feels the Deloitte Bersin
because modern technology is fabulous thing,
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despite that Ralph Shortey enjoys Megan Crow,
We see Stan Baton smiles at Amanda shank;e-Knowlton
when Sheryl Sandberg involves google and William Brinn,
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Bradley Page shall pay attention to Kimberly Southworth,
Barbara Wood must meet expectation to Owen Watts,
if Thongkham Peky refuses to print the name of Kaci Shanahan,
things may go rotten between Taylor roberts and Jzma Hajiyani,
I am sure Jan Eric Cartwright flags Jim Wilcoxen, or Robert Mason,
we appreciate Katie charles, Julius Ghandi have fun in the court room with Julie Smith
Doug Perkins, Nick Klein, Ashley Lugrand, Kamp wood, Logann Wilson, and James Waldo